Get us in your inbox

Edinburgh, Scotland
Photograph: Shutterstock

Ranked: Europe’s most sustainable cities

A study has evaluated pollution levels, nature spots and even the number of vegan restaurants

Liv Kelly
Written by
Liv Kelly

There are plenty of European destinations that are making a conscious effort to reduce their emissions or look after their green spaces, but which are the most sustainable? 

A new study has been conducted (ironically) by to find out. In the three largest cities from each European country, the car hire company collected data on everything from number of vegan restaurants and nature spots to closest airports and the proportion of hotels with EV charging points.

Each city was then given a score out of 100, and ranking as the most sustainable city in Europe is Scotland’s glorious capital. That’s right – Edinburgh’s low pollution levels and solid vegan restaurant offering mean it beat out all other European cities, with a total score of 89. 

In second place, it’s Zurichrecently named Europe’s most liveable city – where five percent of hotels have EV charging points, and it closely followed Edinburgh with a total score of 88. Paris came in third place with 86, largely thanks to its more than 300 green spaces. 

But that’s far from all the sustainable cities to visit in Europe – the top 20 are right here. 

There are the 20 most sustainable cities in Europe, according to

  1. Edinburgh, Scotland
  2. Zurich, Switzerland
  3. Paris, France
  4. Barcelona, Spain
  5. Rotterdam, Netherlands
  6. Hamburg, Germany
  7. Ghent, Belgium
  8. Copenhagen, Denmark
  9. Turin, Italy
  10. Limerick, Ireland
  11. Salzburg, Austria
  12. Vaduz, Liechtenstein
  13. Budapest, Hungary
  14. Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
  15. Gothenburg, Sweden
  16. Helsinki, Finland
  17. Pärnu, Estonia
  18. Monte Carlo, Monaco
  19. Porto, Portugal
  20. OsloNorway

You can read about the study in more detail on its website here

More on travelling sustainably with Time Out

Why not have a look at the greenest countries in Europe for 2024, or brush up on the best ways to become a more sustainable tourist?

Did you see that this is the latest European town to sell a house for €1?

Plus: Greece is offering 25,000 free trips to those affected by wildfires

Stay in the loop: sign up to our free Time Out Travel newsletter for all the latest travel news.

You may also like
You may also like